Racial differences in pressure, volume and renin interrelationships in essential hypertension.
The interrelationships of arterial pressure, plasma volume (PV), and plasma renin activity were studied in 152 consecutive male patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension. Of these, 22 (17 white and 5 black) subjects had normal plasma volumes and because of the small number were not included in the analysis of results. The remaining 130 (35 black and 95 white) patients were classified as having either expanded or contracted plasma volume. A higher percentage of black (43%) than white (21%) subjects were volume expanded (PV > 19 ml/cm) and a lower percentage of blacks (57%) than whites (79%) were volume contracted (PV < 17 ml/cm). There was not significant difference in mean arterial pressure and plasma renin activity between the volume expanded and contracted black patients. In contrast, the white patients with contracted plasma volume had significantly higher arterial pressures (p < 0.05) and plasma renin activity (p < 0.001) than those with expanded plasma volume. More blacks than whites had low plasma renin activity and did not manifest the inverse relationship of plasma renin activity to plasma volume as did the whites. These data confirm and extend previous observations that the relationship between plasma volume and plasma renin activity (PRA) in the male patient with essential hypertension seems to differ between the black and white race. Efforts to explain the low PRA in black patients might be best directed toward those patients with suppressed PRA and with contracted intravascular volume.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association