Renal function curve in patients with secondary forms of hypertension.
The causative mechanisms of hypertension were investigated by studying the renal function (pressure-natriuresis) curve in patients with primary aldosteronism (n = 6) and renovascular hypertension (n = 6). Before and after radical operation (removal of adenoma in primary aldosteronism and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renovascular hypertension), dietary NaCl intake was altered from 10 to 13 g/day in Week 1 to 1 to 3 g/day in Week 2. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and urinary sodium excretion were measured on the last 3 days of each week. By restricting sodium intake before operation, MAP was reduced from 122 +/- 7 to 113 +/- 7 mm Hg (p less than 0.025) in primary aldosteronism but not in renovascular hypertension (130 +/- 6 to 128 +/- 5 mm Hg). The renal function curve was drawn by plotting urinary sodium excretion on the ordinate and MAP on the abscissa before and after operation. The slope of the curve was analyzed between the plotted points, and each curve was extrapolated to zero sodium excretion as an estimate of the degree of shift of the curve along the MAP axis. Before, as compared with after operation, the extrapolated x-intercept of the curve was shifted rightward in both primary aldosteronism (111 +/- 7 vs 87 +/- 4 mm Hg; p less than 0.025) and renovascular hypertension (128 +/- 5 vs 95 +/- 2 mm Hg; p less than 0.025) and the slope was depressed in primary aldosteronism (16 +/- 1 vs 40 +/- 17 [mEq/day]/mm Hg; p less than 0.025) but not in renovascular hypertension (130 +/- 75 vs 40 +/- 13 [mEq/day]/mm Hg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association