Decreased intraocular pressure in dogs with one-kidney, one wrapped hypertension.
We examined the relationship of intraocular pressure and the development of one-kidney, one wrapped (perinephritic) hypertension in the dog. Conscious femoral arterial pressure (direct arterial puncture) and intraocular pressure (Schiotz tonometer) were measured weekly before and after the surgical induction of hypertension in 11 healthy male mongrel dogs and before and after unilateral nephrectomy in 15 normotensive control dogs. Preoperative mean arterial pressure (102 +/- 5 vs 99 +/- 8 [SD] mm Hg, hypertensive vs control dogs) and intraocular pressure (18.1 +/- 2.5 vs 17.7 +/- 2.1 mm Hg, hypertensive vs control dogs) were similar in both groups. In normotensive control dogs, mean arterial pressure and intraocular pressure averaged over the postoperative period (4-8 weeks) did not differ significantly from preoperative values. In contrast, during the same period arterial pressure significantly increased and intraocular pressure significantly decreased in hypertensive dogs (arterial pressure, 163 +/- 8 mm Hg; intraocular pressure, 11.9 +/- 4.0 mm Hg; p less than 0.001 for both values compared with corresponding values in control dogs). Intraocular pressure was inversely related to arterial pressure in hypertensive dogs (r = 0.56, p less than 0.01). These observations indicate that intraocular pressure decreases with the development of canine one-kidney, one wrapped hypertension. The mechanism of this decrease may be related to abnormalities in Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase activity found in this form of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association