Effects of volume change on circulating immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor in rats.
The mammalian atrial hormone atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) has been shown to have potent natriuretic and diuretic actions as well as vasodilator effects when released into the circulation. To investigate how the levels of the circulating form of this peptide change with alteration of intravascular fluid volume, we measured immunoreactive ANF in the plasma of Wistar rats after acute saline load, acute furosemide treatment, and chronic water restriction. Circulating levels of immunoreactive ANF increased significantly (p less than 0.001) 1 minute after acute saline load and returned to normal levels within 5 minutes. Volume contraction induced by furosemide treatment of chronic water restriction significantly reduced the circulating immunoreactive ANF. These data indicate that acute volume expansion causes an immediate release of immunoreactive ANF into the general circulation and acute volume contraction results in a decline of circulating levels of immunoreactive ANF, which is maintained during chronic volume contraction. These results suggest that the atria detect alterations in intravascular fluid volume and respond by changing the levels of ANF acutely as well as chronically and thereby participate in the regulation of body fluids and, perhaps, of blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association