Erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase and blood pressure.
To examine the relationship between body mass index, blood pressure, and the Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) system, we measured the erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase and the erythrocyte Na+ concentration in 120 blacks and 127 whites (136 males and 111 females). Blacks showed a 13.9% higher erythrocyte Na+ (7.63 +/- 0.19 vs 6.70 +/- 0.11 [SEM] mEq/L; p = 0.0001) and a 16.1% lower erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase activity (140.3 +/- 4.2 vs 167.3 +/- 4.7 nmol inorganic phosphate/mg protein/hr; p = 0.0002) than whites. Male subjects demonstrated a 6.4% higher erythrocyte Na+ (7.35 +/- 0.17 vs 6.91 +/- 0.14 mEq/L; p = 0.043) and an 11.5% lower Na+,K+-ATPase activity (145.7 +/- 3.7 vs 164.7 +/- 5.5 nmol inorganic phosphate/mg protein/hr; p = 0.0015) than female subjects. Significant (p less than 0.001) negative correlations were identified for the systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure levels and the erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase. These findings were complemented by positive correlations for the blood pressure levels and erythrocyte Na+ concentrations. The body mass index was negatively correlated with erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase and it accounted for 6.7%, 5.6%, and 6.1% of the variabilities in the systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure levels, respectively. Variabilities of 1.4% systolic, 12.3% diastolic, and 11.1% in mean arterial pressure were attributable to the erythrocyte ghost Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Provided that findings in erythrocytes also reflect the relative status of the vascular smooth muscle cell Na+,K+-ATPase, the predisposition of black, male, and obese persons to hypertension may relate, among other factors, to a lower activity of this enzyme system, which results in an increased vascular tone.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association