Enhanced 5-hydroxytryptamine release from vascular adrenergic nerves in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
The release of 5-hydroxytryptamine from the vascular adrenergic nerve by periarterial nerve stimulation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was compared with that in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The isolated mesenteric vascular bed was perfused at a constant flow rate of 5 ml/min. Vasoconstrictor responses to periarterial nerve stimulation (4, 8, 12, and 16 Hz for 30 seconds) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (1 microM), but not norepinephrine (1 nmol), were significantly greater in SHR than in WKY. After treatment with 5-hydroxytryptamine (1 microM) for 15 minutes, vasoconstrictor responses to periarterial nerve stimulation previously reduced by prazosin (50 nM) were restored and a frequency-dependent pressor response reappeared. However, 5-HT treatment did not significantly affect the pressor response to exogenously administered norepinephrine (1 nmol), which was previously inhibited by prazosin. The degree of the restoration in SHR was significantly greater than that in WKY at all frequencies used. The restoration of the pressor response to periarterial nerve stimulation after 5-hydroxytryptamine treatment did not occur in the presence of the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine2 receptor antagonists ketanserin (10 nM) or LY53857 (10 nM). In the perfused mesenteric vascular bed of both WKY and SHR prelabeled with [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine, periarterial nerve stimulation (4-16 Hz) evoked a frequency-dependent increase in tritium efflux that was abolished by Ca2+-free Krebs-Ringer solution or tetrodotoxin (100 nM) and treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine. The tritium efflux evoked by periarterial nerve stimulation was significantly greater in SHR than in WKY at all frequencies used. These results suggest that the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine from adrenergic nerve endings by periarterial nerve stimulation is enhanced in the mesenteric vascular bed of the SHR.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association