Echocardiographic left ventricular mass and function in the hypertensive baboon.
Nonhuman primates with chronic systemic hypertension provide an ideal model for studying structural and functional alterations associated with compensatory cardiac hypertrophy. Since noninvasive techniques are useful for the longitudinal evaluation of these animals, we sought to critically asses the M-mode echocardiographic estimation of left ventricular mass in the baboon and to characterize estimates of left ventricular size and function in baboons with chronic renal hypertension. In 23 baboons (12 normotensive, 11 chronic hypertensive), M-mode echocardiography-determined left ventricular mass was 73 +/- 13 (SE) g as compared with the necropsy weight of 69 +/- 11 g (p = NS), and the correlation was excellent (r = 0.94). When 30 chronically hypertensive baboons being observed longitudinally were compared with 10 normotensive control animals studied under identical conditions, several differences were noted in measures derived from echocardiography and high fidelity pressure measurements. Left ventricular systolic pressure was considerably higher in the hypertensive baboons (113 +/- 23 vs 90 +/- 11 mm Hg; p less than 0.001), as was left ventricular mass (148 +/- 60 vs 103 +/- 38 g; p less than 0.03). However, since the ratio of posterior wall thickness to cavity dimension was larger in the hypertensive baboons (0.52 +/- 0.17 vs 0.43 +/- 0.07; p less than 0.05), this concentric hypertrophy maintained values for left ventricular meridional stress at the same level as in the control animals. Despite matched heart rate and left ventricular stress, the rates of change in left ventricular dimensions and wall thickness in systole and diastole were all approximately 25% less in the hypertrophied baboons.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association