Selective modification of renal alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in Milan hypertensive rat strain.
Cerebral and renal alpha-adrenergic receptors play an important role in the control of blood pressure. We studied alpha-adrenergic receptors in the cerebral and renal cortex of Milan hypertensive strain (MHS) and normotensive strain (MNS) rats, a genetic model of spontaneous hypertension linked to a kidney abnormality. Binding of the selective alpha 1-adrenergic antagonist [3H]prazosin and the alpha 2-adrenergic antagonist [3H]rauwolscine was used for receptor studies in tissues of prehypertensive (24-day-old) and hypertensive (60-day-old) rats. In the cerebral cortex, no between-strain differences in alpha 1-adrenergic and alpha 2-adrenergic receptor density and affinity were observed in prehypertensive and hypertensive periods. The density of these receptors increased similarly with age in MHS and MNS rats. In the renal cortex, the differences between MHS and MNS rats concerned alpha 2-adrenergic receptors only. Compared with their age-matched normotensive controls, MHS rats showed 1) a lower affinity for the antagonist (p less than 0.05) in the prehypertensive period, 2) absence of the normal age-related increase in receptor density, and 3) a lower density of [3H]rauwolscine binding sites (p less than 0.001) in the hypertensive period. In this period, studies of competitive inhibition of [3H]rauwolscine binding showed that l-epinephrine bound to one class of sites in MHS rats (pseudo-Hill plot, 0.90) and to two classes in MNS rats (pseudo-Hill plot, 0.68). In addition, the lack of any guanylylimidodiphosphate effect on the l-epinephrine competition curve observed in MHS rats suggests the uncoupling of these receptors from the guanosine 5'-triphosphate binding protein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association