Ouabainlike Na+,K+-ATPase inhibitor in the plasma of normotensive and hypertensive humans and rats.
Acute volume expansion, increased sodium intake, and restraint on sodium excretion endow the plasma with an increased capacity to inhibit sodium transport. Cytochemical techniques can detect the presence of Na+K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) inhibitor in the plasma of normal humans and rats, the concentration of which is controlled by salt intake. The substance responsible appears to originate in the hypothalamus, where the concentration is also controlled by salt intake. The plasma concentration of the cytochemically detectable Na+,K+-ATPase inhibitor is substantially raised in the plasma of patients with essential hypertension, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and of Milan hypertensive rats. The concentration of activity in the hypothalamus of SHR is also considerably raised. These findings demonstrate that these forms of hypertension are associated with a rise in the concentration of a cytochemically detectable circulating Na+,K+-ATPase inhibitor that under normal circumstances is controlled by salt intake.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association