Repetitive natriuresis and blood pressure. Long-term calcium entry blockade with isradipine.
The long-term effects (3.5 months) of a new calcium entry blocker of the 1-4-dihydropyridine class, isradipine (PN 200-110), on renal hemodynamics and excretional parameters were investigated in 10 essential hypertensive subjects (World Health Organization Classes I and II). Blood pressure and renal vascular resistance fell significantly (p less than 0.001), and a slight increase in glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow was seen (p less than 0.05). Output of fluid from the proximal tubules, measured as clearance of lithium and uric acid, increased significantly (p less than 0.01 and p less than 0.05, respectively), and a compensatory increase in absolute reabsorption of sodium beyond the proximal tubular level accompanied by an increase in clearance of potassium was noted. A 40% increase in the resultant clearance of sodium (p less than 0.01) and an increase in diuresis (p less than 0.05) followed the morning dose of isradipine after 3.5 months of treatment. Changes in blood pressure were significantly correlated with changes in absolute proximal reabsorption of sodium (r = 0.81), excretion of sodium (r = -0.64), and diuresis (r = -0.80). Thus, the natriuretic properties of calcium entry blockers may be more important for the long-term antihypertensive effect than the vasodilator effect per se. A model for renal sodium handling following treatment with calcium entry blockers was proposed. Although a causal relationship is not implied, isradipine induced a sustained, repetitive postdose effect on proximal fluid output, net natriuresis, and diuresis, that was intimately related to the long-term blood pressure-regulating response.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association