Effect of angiotensin II on baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate in conscious baboons.
Studies of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex were performed in four conscious, unrestrained male baboons to determine whether changes in circulating angiotensin II within the physiological range are associated with alterations in baroreceptor reflex sensitivity. With the animals on a high sodium intake, studies were performed before and during graded angiotensin II infusion (10 and 20 ng/kg/min). To separate effects on baroreceptor reflex function mediated by angiotensin II-induced increases in arterial pressure, these studies were repeated on a different day with simultaneous glyceryl trinitrate infusion to prevent increases in pressure during angiotensin II infusion. With the animals on a low sodium intake, studies were performed before and after angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition with captopril (1 and 5 mg/kg). These studies were also repeated on a separate day during simultaneous phenylephrine infusion to prevent a decrease in pressure with captopril. Reduction in sodium intake had no significant effect on arterial pressure, heart rate, or plasma volume, although arterial plasma angiotensin II concentration and renin activity were significantly increased (p less than 0.01). Infusion of angiotensin II produced a significant reduction in baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (p less than 0.01), and converting enzyme inhibition produced a significant increase (p less than 0.05). These effects accompanied significant increases and decreases in arterial angiotensin II concentration, respectively (p less than 0.01), but were independent of angiotensin II-related changes in arterial pressure. The data indicate that physiological variations in circulating angiotensin II have a direct effect on sensitivity of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association