Enhanced phospholipase C activity in the vascular wall of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
To explore the roles of vascular phospholipase C activity in the development of hypertension, phospholipase C activity was examined in the aortic wall of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Phospholipase C activity was significantly enhanced (+87%, p less than 0.005) in 14-week-old SHR as compared with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The enzymatic activities were positively correlated with the levels of blood pressure in both of the rat strains (r = 0.62, p less than 0.003). Vascular phospholipase C was also significantly activated (+62%; p less than 0.006) in the aortic wall of 4-week-old prehypertensive SHR, as compared with age-matched WKY. In contrast, vascular phospholipase A2 activity was unaffected in the aortic wall of either adult or very young SHR. There was no difference in the cardiac phospholipase C activity between adult SHR and WKY. The vascular phospholipase C of SHR had a lower Michaelis constant (Km) value than that of WKY. Moreover, its pH profile and calcium requirement differed in part from those of WKY. These results indicate that the activation of vascular phospholipase C precedes the development of hypertension and that the enhancement may be induced by both quantitative and qualitative changes in phospholipase C in SHR.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association