Nifedipine enhances the vasodepressor and natriuretic effects of atrial natriuretic peptide.
We examined a possible interaction between the calcium entry blocker nifedipine and atrial natriuretic peptide on blood pressure and natriuresis in anesthetized rabbits. The administration of atrial natriuretic peptide (0.05 micrograms/kg/min) produced a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure. Similar reductions in blood pressure were obtained during the administration of nifedipine (1.0 micrograms/kg/min). Atrial natriuretic peptide produced a consistent increase in glomerular filtration rate that was higher than the increase in renal blood flow; hence, the filtration fraction was significantly elevated. Atrial natriuretic peptide also elicited a significant increment in urine volume and urinary sodium excretion, while nifedipine was devoid of any significant effects on renal hemodynamics and renal excretory function during the experimental period. The administration of atrial natriuretic peptide superimposed on an ongoing infusion of nifedipine resulted in a greater fall of blood pressure than that seen during the administration of atrial natriuretic peptide or nifedipine alone. Sodium excretion was also potentiated, but there were no changes in renal hemodynamics or in the filtration fraction. These results suggest that calcium entry blockers potentiate the vasodepressor and the natriuretic effects of atrial natriuretic peptide but prevent its renal hemodynamic effects.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association