Labetalol blunts morning pressor surge in systolic hypertension.
Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure, including the acceleration phase, and left ventricular mass were evaluated in 16 patients with isolated systolic hypertension (standing blood pressure greater than or equal to 160 mm Hg systolic and less than or equal to 95 mm Hg diastolic). After a 4-week, single-blind, placebo period, each patient underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and echocardiography. Labetalol therapy was then initiated at 100 mg twice a day in a single-blind manner and increased weekly by 100 mg twice a day until blood pressure control was obtained or a maximum dosage of 400 mg twice a day was reached. Blood pressure control was achieved at a mean daily dose of 363 +/- 46 mg of labetalol. Measurements were repeated at the end of an 8-week maintenance phase. Labetalol therapy significantly reduced the mean 24-hour systolic ambulatory blood pressure from 154 +/- 8 (mean +/- SEM) mm Hg at baseline to 142 +/- 6 mm Hg (p greater than 0.01) and controlled the early morning surge in systolic ambulatory blood pressure. Minor reductions in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were statistically but not clinically significant. Left ventricular mass was not changed. Labetalol monotherapy provides effective 24-hour control of systolic blood pressure, including the acceleration phase, in patients with isolated systolic hypertension.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association