Ganglionic immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor in rat experimental hypertension.
Because previous data have suggested a dependence of ganglionic atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) content on preganglionic cholinergic input, we investigated the possibility that the increased neural activity observed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) may be reflected by ganglionic immunoreactive ANF levels. Four-week-old normotensive SHR had celiac ganglionic immunoreactive ANF values comparable to those of Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). When they became hypertensive, however, at 12 weeks of age, the SHR manifested higher immunoreactive ANF levels in celiac ganglia than the WKY group (25.3 +/- 2.6 vs 14.5 +/- 1.7 pg/ganglion; p less than 0.01), but there were no differences in levels in the superior cervical and nodose ganglia. The values in celiac ganglia were quadrupled on the average in hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive rats under the influence of an 8% salt intake for 5 weeks, but no difference was noted in any of these ganglia between this group and their salt-resistant partners. The celiac and superior cervical ganglionic immunoreactive ANF content in normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats was higher with high salt than with normal salt intake. Hypertensive rats treated with deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt and sham-treated controls showed immunoreactive ANF concentrations in celiac ganglia similar to those detected in Dahl rats but, again, no differences were found between groups. Thus, hypertensive SHR, compared to WKY, have higher celiac ganglionic immunoreactive ANF levels, unlike Dahl salt-sensitive and DOCA-salt animals relative to their respective controls. This increase is unique to SHR (although all three models have elevated plasma immunoreactive ANF when they are hypertensive) and to the celiac ganglia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association