Endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilation in resistance arteries from hypertensive rats.
The endothelium-dependent and presumed endothelium-independent vasodilators acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, respectively, were used to characterize relaxation responses of mesenteric resistance arteries from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Vessels were preconstricted using concentrations of norepinephrine or 5-hydroxytryptamine, which reduced their diameters by 50 to 60%. Relaxation responses to acetylcholine (10(-8) - 10(-7) M) were significantly smaller (p less than 0.05) in vessel segments from SHRSP, but the maximal relaxations at higher concentrations were the same in both strains. However, SHRSP vessels relaxed to a greater extent than did those of the WKY at all concentrations of sodium nitroprusside. Endothelium removal significantly enhanced sodium nitroprusside-induced dilations in both rat strains, and the dilations were significantly greater in segments from SHRSP in the concentration range of 3 X 10(-8) to 10(-6) M. The decreased relaxation to acetylcholine in resistance arteries from adult hypertensive rats compared with those from the normotensive strain suggests that functional alterations in the endothelium may play a role in hypertensive disease.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association