Sodium depletion increases platelet and plasma catecholamines in hypertensive men.
The catecholamine content in blood platelets is considerably higher than that in plasma, and platelet catecholamines must be taken up from plasma, since blood platelets lack enzymes for catecholamine synthesis. However, it is unknown whether platelets take up and store catecholamines during physiological in vivo increments in plasma catecholamines. Previously untreated 50-year-old men (n = 17) with mild to moderate essential hypertension were given a low sodium diet for 2 weeks. Urinary excretion of sodium decreased from 201 +/- 11 (SE) to 24 +/- 5 and 19 +/- 4 mmol/24 hr after 1 and 2 weeks, respectively. During the first week, the blood platelet concentration of norepinephrine increased from 27.2 +/- 2.9 to 39.6 +/- 4.7 pg/mg (p less than 0.005) and venous plasma norepinephrine increased from 3.7 +/- 0.4 to 5.6 +/- 0.5 pg/ml (p less than 0.005), and venous plasma dopamine increased from 26 +/- 4 to 41 +/- 5 pg/ml (p less than 0.05). During the second week, both plasma and platelet norepinephrine and dopamine remained elevated. Platelet epinephrine showed a small increase from baseline to the second week (p less than 0.05), but no concomitant increase in plasma epinephrine occurred. Thus, sodium depletion increases both platelet and plasma catecholamines and blood platelets may take up catecholamines in vivo. Platelet catecholamine content may be an integrated measure of plasma catecholamine concentrations during variations caused by sodium depletion.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association