High potassium diets protect against dysfunction of endothelial cells in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Two lines of evidence strongly support the hypothesis that high potassium diets protect arterial endothelial cells from hypertensive damage. Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) fed normal (0.75%) K or high (2.1%) K and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were examined in an endothelial function study and a histological study. In the endothelial function study, aortic rings were suspended in tissue baths to monitor isometric tension. Rings contracted with norepinephrine were tested with acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside. In normal K SHRSP (blood pressure, 156 mm Hg), endothelium-dependent acetylcholine relaxation was severely depressed by 49% (p less than 0.001), whereas in high K SHRSP (blood pressure, 155 mm Hg), normal values were preserved. Endothelium-independent nitroprusside relaxation was virtually the same in both the SHRSP groups (high K vs normal K diet). Since indomethacin did not improve the impaired acetylcholine relaxation in normal K SHRSP, the cyclooxygenase products do not appear to have affected the endothelium-dependent relaxation in the normal K SHRSP. Thus, the endothelium-dependent relaxation response was much decreased in the normal K SHRSP and was preserved in the high K SHRSP. Thus, a high K diet appears to protect the aortic endothelium from a hypertension-induced dysfunction. In the histological study, aortic and mesenteric intimal lesions were assessed blindly under the microscope and graded from 0 to 60 for aortic and from 0 to 40 for mesenteric lesions. Aortic intimal lesion scores were 28 in normal K SHRSP (blood pressure, 209 mm Hg) and 13 in high K SHRSP (blood pressure, 207 mm Hg; -54%; p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association