Role of the nucleus ambiguus in the regulation of heart rate and arterial pressure.
The present study examined the effect of lesion of cell bodies in the nucleus ambiguus area on the development of neurogenic hypertension and further explored the cardiovascular responses produced by chemical and electrical stimulation of the nucleus ambiguus and the neighboring C1 region. Three days after chemical lesion of the nucleus ambiguus with kainic acid, arterial pressure and heart rate were unchanged; however, subsequent sinoaortic deafferentation produced a significantly greater increase of arterial pressure (157 +/- 7 vs 132 +/- 5 mm Hg) and heart rate (436 +/- 10 vs 374 +/- 10 beats/min) compared with those produced by sham lesion. Glutamate injected into the nucleus ambiguus increased arterial pressure and heart rate at 20 nmol/100 nl and decreased heart rate at 50 nmol/100 nl. Glutamate injected into the C1 area increased arterial pressure and heart rate at both doses. Gamma-Aminobutyric acid at 50 nmol/100 nl produced bradycardia and a fall in arterial pressure when injected into both the nucleus ambiguus and C1 area. The heart rate responses to gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate were attenuated in sinoaortic-deafferentated rats. The nucleus ambiguus and the C1 region were mapped using electrical stimulation with microelectrodes. All points stimulated in three anteroposterior sections in the nucleus ambiguus and the C1 area produced increases in arterial pressure, whereas bradycardia was restricted to the middle of three lateral coordinates associated with the center of the nucleus ambiguus and the C1 area ventral to the nucleus ambiguus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association