Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition improves diagnostic procedures for renovascular hypertension in dogs.
In renovascular hypertension adaptive mechanisms in the poststenotic kidney are a probable cause of the 20 to 25% false-negative findings during rapid sequence urography or [123I]o-iodohippurate renography. We blocked the renin-angiotensin system in an effort to increase the yield of these diagnostic procedures. Chronically instrumented, salt-depleted conscious dogs were used in which a light (n = 5), moderate (n = 4), or severe (n = 2) renal artery stenosis was induced. Before stenosis 10 of the dogs showed no left-right differences with either diagnostic procedure, and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition did not change this result. Two to 3 weeks after induction of a renal artery stenosis, all dogs showed signs of renovascular hypertension. However, only 50% of the renograms and 22% of the urograms showed differences between the two kidneys indicative of the presence of stenosis. After ACE inhibition, all previously negative test results became positive (abnormal) and previously existing left-right differences became more evidence. Electromagnetically measured renal blood flow on the stenotic side did not change during ACE inhibition (146 +/- 13 vs 145 +/- 21 ml/min), whereas contralateral blood flow showed a distinct increase (207 +/- 18 vs 282 +/- 20 ml/min, p less than 0.01). In conclusion, ACE inhibition markedly improves the sensitivity of rapid sequence urography and hippurate renography in the diagnosis of renovascular hypertension in the two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertensive dog. The effects of ACE inhibition on the handling of the different tracers do not appear to be related to its effects on renal blood flow or systemic blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association