Differential effect of dietary salt on renal growth in Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.
A high salt diet has been shown to increase renal mass of intact rats, although the mechanism by which this occurs has not been investigated. We used Dahl rats that are sensitive (DS) or resistant (DR) to the hypertensinogenic effect of salt to examine changes in renal size and composition caused by a high salt diet. Renal index, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), protein, water content, protein/DNA ratio, and cell number and size were measured in age-matched DR and DS on a high salt diet for 7, 14, or 28 days. The results were compared with those obtained from respective rats on a low salt diet. High salt diet elevated renal index and protein in DR and DS rats at each time point. After 7 days of a high salt diet, DNA increased in DS only. Protein/DNA ratio was progressively decreased by a high salt diet in DS and remained unchanged in DR rats. Cell number was increased 35% in DS versus only 13% in DR rats at 4 weeks. Cell size decreased 24% in DS and only 11% in DR rats. These results indicate that renal growth due to hyperplasia accompanies ingestion of a high salt diet in both DR and DS rats, but the rate of growth and the mechanism through which it occurs differ between strains. This difference may be important in delineating salt sensitivity and future development of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association