Increased membrane-bound calcium in platelets of hypertensive patients.
The fluorescent indicator chlortetracycline was used to estimate membrane-bound calcium in mild, untreated hypertensive patients (n = 39) and normotensive controls (n = 42). All participants were black. After incubation with chlortetracycline, platelet-rich plasma was centrifuged into a pellet and fluorescence was measured with a microspectrofluorometer. At an interval of 45 minutes mean fluorescence values were 11% higher in the hypertensive than in the normotensive group (567 +/- 95 vs. 512 +/- 100 counts/sec, p less than 0.02). With both groups of participants combined, a correlation of borderline statistical significance was noted between diastolic blood pressure and chlortetracycline fluorescence (r = 0.213, p = 0.056). In parallel experiments, sodium and potassium concentrations were measured in red blood cells. Intracellular sodium was also significantly higher in the hypertensive group (p less than 0.01). These data indicate that the total cell burden of calcium is increased in the platelets of hypertensive individuals, possibly a result of abnormal cell metabolism of calcium, and further suggest that circulating platelets in hypertensive individuals may be in a hyperaggregable state.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association