Sequential changes of cerebrospinal fluid sodium during the development of hypertension in Dahl rats.
The role of sodium retention and consequent changes in cerebrospinal fluid sodium concentration in the genesis of hypertension in Dahl rats was evaluated. Dahl salt-sensitive (DS, n = 7), Dahl salt-resistant (DR, n = 7), and Sprague-Dawley (n = 6) rats were housed in metabolic cages and instrumented with a stainless steel cannula in the cisterna magna and a femoral arterial catheter. A blood sample was drawn daily (200 microliters), and cerebrospinal fluid was collected by continuous 24-hour withdrawal (200 microliters/day). Daily sodium, potassium, and water balances were also determined. Rats were studied sequentially on 0.4%, 4%, and 8% sodium diets (7 days per sodium level). Mean arterial pressure increased with 4% NaCl from 107 to 120 mm Hg (p less than 0.05) over 24 hours in DS rats and remained at about that level until the NaCl was increased to 8%, which resulted in a gradual rise of mean arterial pressure over the next 7 days to 135 mm Hg. Cerebrospinal fluid sodium was unchanged in DR and Sprague-Dawley rats fed 4% or 8% sodium, but in DS rats rose from 152.3 to 155.2 +/- 0.6 meq/l on the third day at 4% sodium and remained elevated over the next 2 weeks of study. Blood sodium was unchanged throughout the study in all groups. On the first day only of the 4% and 8% sodium diets, both DS and DR rats exhibited a similar net retention of sodium, which was greater than the Sprague-Dawley rats (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association