Developmental change of kidney receptor for atrial natriuretic factor in spontaneously hypertensive rat.
Properties of human atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) binding to the crude membrane fraction of rat kidney were studied using the ANF-radiolabeled receptor assay; the developmental change of renal ANF receptors in three age groups of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was also investigated with the methods of radiolabeled receptor assay and the quantitative approach of in vitro macro-autoradiography. Temperature and incubation time greatly influenced ANF binding capacities because of the degradation of radiolabeled ligand. Addition of 5 mM MgCl2 to assay buffer was useful for the stabilization of ANF specific binding. Scatchard analysis suggested that the crude membrane fraction of rat's kidney had a single binding site with the apparent dissociation constant of 0.55 nM. In the study of the developmental change of renal ANF receptor in SHR, systolic blood pressure of the SHR at the age of 5 weeks and 12 weeks was significantly higher than that of age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, but there was no significant difference in blood pressure between SHR and WKY rats at the age of 3 weeks. Concerning the radiolabeled receptor assay of ANF, the apparent dissociation constant and maximum binding capacity in SHR were low in all age groups when compared with those of WKY rats. In the in vitro macro-autoradiographic observation, the specific binding of ANF was localized mainly in the renal cortex, and these binding patterns of SHR and WKY rats were the same in all age groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association