Effects of perfusion pressure on energy and work of isolated rat hearts.
A chemomechanical study of hypertrophied hearts of 6-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and that of age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats was carried out, analyzing the response of the heart to steady-state changes in coronary perfusion pressure. The ratio of heart (dry)-to-body (wet) weight of WKY rats was 0.37 +/- 0.02 (10(-3] and for SHR was 0.58 +/- 0.03 (10(-3] (p less than 0.01). In the apex-ejecting, isolated, pyruvate-perfused working hearts of WKY rats and SHR, coronary flow was constant when coronary perfusion pressure was set between 140 and 190 cm H2O (range of autoregulation). Coronary flow was perfusion pressure dependent when the coronary perfusion pressure was set below 110 cm H2O for both WKY rats and SHR. Cardiac output, developed pressure, rate of pressure development (dP/dt), and oxygen consumption were constant in the range of autoregulation but decreased in the direction of coronary flow when coronary flow was reduced by a drop in perfusion pressure. Similarly, the phosphorylation potential, phosphocreatine, adenosine triphosphate, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate were constant in the range of autoregulation but decreased directionally with coronary perfusion pressure below 110 cm H2O for both SHR and WKY rats. There was a significantly lower phosphorylation potential in SHR as compared with WKY rats when coronary perfusion pressure was reduced to 80 cm H2O. In the region of autoregulation, coronary flow and oxygen consumption were significantly less in SHR, although developed pressure was significantly greater at both high and low workloads.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association