Dietary calcium and cell membrane abnormality in genetic hypertension.
Adult stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were maintained for 10 weeks on one of two diets: 1.0% calcium content and 2.5% calcium content. At the end of this time rats were anesthetized, and blood pressure was determined by means of aortic cannulation; then the rats were exsanguinated. Lymphocytes were isolated for determination of intracellular sodium and potassium concentrations, net sodium influx, net potassium efflux, and intracellular free calcium concentration. Serum ionized calcium was also measured. The increase in calcium content of their diet had no effect on intracellular sodium and potassium concentrations in lymphocytes from WKY rats and SHRSP. In lymphocytes from WKY rats, none of the parameters was affected by the change in dietary calcium intake. In contrast, in lymphocytes from SHRSP the increase in dietary calcium from 1.0 to 2.5% led to significant decreases in net potassium efflux (13.3 +/- 2.3 vs. 19.7 +/- 1.4 mmol/kg dry wt/hr, p less than 0.05, analysis of variance), intracellular free calcium concentration (114.5 +/- 10.2 vs. 166.2 +/- 11.2 nM, p less than 0.001), and systolic blood pressure (125.3 +/- 13.6 vs. 183.3 +/- 16.6 mm Hg, p less than 0.01). Serum ionized calcium increased in SHRSP (2.40 +/- 0.04 vs. 2.16 +/- 0.03, p less than 0.01) but not in WKY rats (2.34 +/- 0.05 vs. 2.31 +/- 0.05) fed the high calcium diet.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association