Long-term improvement in renal function after short-term strict blood pressure control in hypertensive nephrosclerosis.
Seventy-nine hypertensive nephrosclerosis patients entered a prospective randomized single-blind study to 1) establish the pattern of decay of renal function in this population and the variability therein and 2) to determine if strict diastolic blood pressure (DBP) control (less than or equal to 80 mm Hg) is more effective than conventional levels (90-95 mm Hg) in conserving renal function. Because of unexpected significant improvement in renal function in patients from both groups, which changed the perspectives on the course of this disease as described herein, this report is being published before completion of the trial. The selection criteria were 1) serum creatinine concentration of 1.6-7.0 mg/dl, 2) glomerular filtration rate of less than 70 ml/min/1.73 m2, and 3) absence of diseases (other than hypertension) known to destroy renal function. Renal function was assessed by glomerular filtration rate [( 125I]iothalamate clearance) and serum creatinine concentration. Before randomization, DBP was aggressively treated to reduce it to less than 80 mm Hg. Twenty-two subjects (14 in the strict DBP control group and eight in the conventional DBP control group) have been enrolled in the study for 36 months. In contrast to results from previous studies in humans and rats, renal function improved in both patient groups. Thus, irrevocable progression of renal damage after onset of renal failure from high blood pressure does not necessarily occur, and in fact, long-term improvement of renal function resulted from the effects of the study itself.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association