Atrial natriuretic factor in Purkinje fibers of rabbit heart.
The Purkinje fibers of the rabbit false tendons (chordae tendineae spuriae) are endocrine cells containing immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and ANF messenger RNA (mRNA). These cells, as visualized by immunocryoultramicrotomy, contain immunoreactive ANF in their secretory granules and their Golgi complex and exhibit ANF mRNA, as visualized by in situ hybridization with an ANF complementary RNA probe. The content of immunoreactive ANF and ANF mRNA of the Purkinje fibers is midway between that of atrial and ventricular working cardiocytes. High-pressure liquid chromatography analysis of immunoreactive ANF using antibodies against the C-terminal and N-terminal moieties of the molecule indicates that part of immunoreactive ANF contained in Purkinje fibers is the propeptide [Asn1,Tyr126]ANF whereas part was nonspecifically cleaved into C-terminal and N-terminal ANF. The chordae tendineae spuriae exhibit binding sites for ANF (Kd:approximately 1.0 nM; Bmax:approximately 2.3 fmol/mg). ANF profoundly decreases basal and stimulated (epinephrine, dopamine, isoproterenol, and forskolin) adenylate cyclase activity and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels. ANF has little effect on norepinephrine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity or on norepinephrine-stimulated cyclic AMP levels. ANF produces only a slight increase in guanylate cyclase activity and cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels at high (10(7)-10(6) M) concentrations. These results suggest an autocrine function for ANF in the modulation of the impulse in the peripheral conduction cells (Purkinje fibers) of the rabbit through changes in second messenger levels.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association