Atrial natriuretic factor effects on cyclic nucleotides in a human renal cell line.
The natriuretic effects of atrial peptide hormones have been attributed, at least in part, to their stimulation of guanylate cyclase activity in renal cell membranes. The effects of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on stimulation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation were investigated in cloned human kidney tumor (hKT) cells and parent cells from a human renal tumor epithelial cell line (SK-NEP-1). Human ANF-(99-126) (10(-6)M) stimulated (p less than 0.001) cellular cGMP accumulation in a dose-dependent manner from a basal level of 0.26 +/- 0.04 to 3.73 +/- 0.81 pmol/mg protein/5 mi (mean +/- SEM, n = 13). ANF stimulation of cGMP accumulation was specific, in that high concentrations (10(-6)M) of atriopeptin I [rat ANF-(103-123)], angiotensin II, arginine vasopressin, and amiloride (10(-4)M) did not increase basal cGMP. Amiloride (10(-4)M) enhanced (p less than 0.01, n = 6) the ANF stimulation of cGMP accumulation (1.24 +/- 0.39 pmol/mg protein/5 min), particularly at low doses of ANF (10(-10)M) where stimulation by ANF without amiloride (0.34 +/- 0.08 pmol/mg protein/5 min) was barely distinguishable from a basal level (0.19 +/- 0.02 pmol/mg protein/5 min) of cGMP accumulation. The stimulatory effect of ANF (1.59 +/- 0.07 pmol/mg protein/5 min) was attenuated (0.75 +/- 0.06 pmol/mg protein/5 min, p less than 0.01, n = 6) by preincubation of the cells with pertussis toxin but not by cholera toxin. ANF (4.56 +/- 0.93 pmol/mg protein/5 min, n = 8) did not affect cAMP accumulation (4.32 +/- 0.98 pmol/mg protein/5 min) in hKT cells. This is the first report of an ANF responsive human renal cell line, and its use should facilitate investigation of ANF-receptor interactions.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association