Effect of 8-bromo-cyclic guanosine monophosphate on intracellular pH and calcium in vascular smooth muscle.
Endothelium-dependent vasodilators, nitrates, and atrial natriuretic factor relax blood vessels by increasing vascular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). The mechanisms by which cGMP relaxes vascular smooth muscle (VSM) are not known. Since contraction of VSM is associated with increased intracellular calcium and pH, we hypothesized that cGMP may decrease vascular tone by lowering ionized, intracellular calcium [( Ca2+]i) and pH. We used microfluorometry to measure cGMP-induced changes in intracellular calcium and pH of cultured A7r5 VSM cells after stimulation with contractile agonists. A cGMP analogue, 8-Br-cGMP, blocked vasopressin- but not thrombin-stimulated increases in [Ca2+]i. High extracellular potassium concentrations [( K+]) increased [Ca2+]i, but the attenuation of [Ca2+]i by 8-Br-cGMP was not statistically significant. 8-Br-cGMP also attenuated vasopressin- but not thrombin-stimulated alkalinization of VSM cells. cGMP may decrease vascular tone by decreasing [Ca2+]i and pH, but these changes are dependent on the contractile agonist studied.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association