Pathogenesis of weight-related changes in blood pressure in dogs.
We have previously shown that weight gain in the dog results in an increase in blood pressure. To study the pathogenesis of the rise in blood pressure associated with weight gain, we compared the serial changes in blood pressure, body weight, sodium balance, plasma volume, and three hormones known to affect sodium balance (norepinephrine, insulin, and aldosterone) in seven dogs fed a high fat diet for 6 weeks and seven dogs fed a control diet. The sodium content of both diets was equal. During a 2-week control period, no differences were noted between the two groups. Weight gain was associated with a progressive increase in blood pressure (mean pressure increased by 18.5 +/- 2.1 mm Hg in the high fat group) and plasma volume (plasma volume increased from 1,426 +/- 202 to 2,053 +/- 250 ml in the high fat group). Sodium retention occurred after 1 week of the high fat diet and persisted. Over the 6-week period, the dogs on the high fat diet increased their cumulative sodium balance by 2,024 +/- 462 meq versus an increase of only 289 +/- 97 meq for the dogs on the control diet. In the high fat diet group of dogs, there was a significant relation between change in cumulative sodium balance and the change in blood pressure and plasma volume. After 1 week of the high fat diet, norepinephrine was the only hormone that significantly increased from baseline. Over the next 5 weeks norepinephrine increased no further, whereas fasting insulin and aldosterone progressively increased.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association