Neuropeptide Y and galanin in norepinephrine release in hypothalamic slices.
Noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus contain neuropeptide Y and galanin, which project to the hypothalamic region. We have investigated the regulatory mechanisms of these peptides on norepinephrine release in rat hypothalamic slices in vitro. Neuropeptide Y and galanin significantly inhibited the stimulation-evoked [3H]norepinephrine release in a dose-dependent manner (1 Hz: S2/S1 ratio (mean +/- SEM), control 0.947 +/- 0.040, n = 11, neuropeptide Y 1 x 10(-8) M 0.509 +/- 0.013, n = 8, p less than 0.01, neuropeptide Y 1 x 10(-7) M 0.283 +/- 0.021, n = 8, p less than 0.01; galanin 1 x 10(-7) M 0.448 +/- 0.026, n = 8, p less than 0.01, galanin 1 x 10(-6) M 0.261 +/- 0.023, n = 8, p less than 0.01). The inhibition of norepinephrine release by the alpha-2 agonist UK 14,304 was potentiated by neuropeptide Y and galanin. The blockade of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptors by RX 781094 diminished the inhibitory effects of neuropeptide Y and galanin on norepinephrine release. Pretreatment of hypothalamic slices with islet activating protein (a toxin that interferes with the coupling of inhibitory receptors to adenylate cyclase) attenuated the suppression of norepinephrine release by UK 14,304, neuropeptide Y, and galanin. These results support the idea that neuropeptide Y and galanin are involved in the regulation of central adrenergic transmission partially mediated by alpha 2-adrenergic receptors and islet-activating protein-sensitive guanosine triphosphate-binding proteins in rat hypothalamus.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association