Calcium binding capacity of erythrocyte membrane in human hypertension.
The cell membrane calcium binding capacity of genetically hypertensive rats is reduced when measured in the presence of the submicromolar calcium concentrations proper of intracellular environment. The present work, performed as an ancillary study to an epidemiological survey on an entire population, aimed to investigate the existence of a similar abnormality in human hypertension. Calcium binding to the erythrocyte membrane was measured in clinically healthy normotensive (n = 12) and hypertensive individuals (n = 24). For this purpose, a filtration technique was used, based on the determination of 45Ca bound to the erythrocyte membrane in the presence of free calcium concentrations (40 nmol/l and 1 mumol/l), which are similar to those of the intracellular environment. The intra-assay technical error was determined on 35 duplicate samples and, when expressed as percent of the mean, was 24.1 at the 40 nmol/l concentration and 16.8 at the 1 mumol/l concentration. Membranes of untreated hypertensive patients, at both calcium concentrations, bound significantly less calcium than the control group. Treated and untreated hypertensive individuals had comparable values of membrane calcium binding capacity. Membranes of the treated hypertensive group bound less calcium than those of the normotensive group at both calcium concentrations, but the difference was statistically significant only in the presence of 40 nmol/l free calcium. A significant positive correlation was observed between the calcium binding capacity at 40 nmol/l concentration and that at 1 mumol/l in the treated and untreated hypertensive groups (r = 0.73 and 0.75, respectively; 0.51 for the normotensive group). These findings support the hypothesis that a cell membrane abnormality is detectable in some hypertensive patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association