Atrial natriuretic factor in hypertension: bioactivity at normal plasma levels.
To ascertain whether small shifts in plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) exerted biological effects in hypertension, we studied the renal, hemodynamic, and hormonal effects of ANF [human ANF-(99-126)] infused at a dose (0.75 pmol/kg/min for 3 hours) that would induce changes in plasma ANF confined to the normal, resting range, in a group of six young men with uncomplicated, mild essential hypertension. During ANF infusions, the patients excreted 11.8 +/- 2.0 mmol (mean +/- SEM) sodium more than during the time-matched placebo phase natriuresis (p less than 0.001, mean increase of 53% above placebo values). Urinary excretion of cyclic guanosine monophosphate rose to more than double (212%, p less than 0.001) placebo values. Plasma renin activity (0.4 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.9 +/- 0.12 nmol/l/hr, p less than 0.0001) and aldosterone concentrations (102 +/- 4 vs. 184 +/- 47 pmol/l, p less than 0.05) were clearly suppressed during administration of ANF. Plasma norepinephrine also fell significantly below placebo values (268 +/- 17 vs. 439 +/- 35 pg/ml, p less than 0.05). Urine volume, the excretion of electrolytes other than sodium, hematocrit, effective renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate, and filtration fraction were unaffected by ANF. Similarly, plasma concentrations of epinephrine, arginine vasopressin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol were unchanged. Blood pressure and heart rate were unchanged. Minor perturbations in plasma ANF concentrations exert clear biological effects in patients with mild essential hypertension. These data suggest that such minor shifts in plasma ANF are of physiological relevance in mild hypertension and probably contribute to volume homeostasis in this condition.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association