Insulin and renal sodium retention in obese adolescents.
The effect of insulin on the renal handling of sodium was studied in obese and nonobese subjects by using euglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Seven water-loaded obese (14-19 years old) and five nonobese young adults (18-21 years old) had insulin given intravenously at a rate of 40 munits/m2/min. Blood glucose and creatinine clearance were not altered by euglycemic hyperinsulinemia in either the obese or the nonobese group. Hyperinsulinemia resulted in a significant decrease in urinary sodium excretion in both groups of subjects (by 54.2 +/- 3% [mean +/- SEM] in the obese and by 50.9 +/- 3.1% in the nonobese group). However, the amount of glucose required to maintain euglycemia was significantly less in the obese versus nonobese group, 89.5 +/- 6.2 versus 329.2 +/- 16 mg glucose/m2/min (p less than 0.001). There was no relation in either group between the amount of glucose required to maintain euglycemia and the change in urinary sodium excretion. On a separate day, all of the obese subjects underwent 3 hours of water diuresis but without insulin. There was no change in urinary sodium excretion with sustained water diuresis alone. However, when compared with the nonobese group, the obese group of subjects had a significantly higher resting mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and plasma norepinephrine concentration; during the insulin clamp, neither group experienced a significant change in mean arterial pressure or heart rate, and only the nonobese group experienced an increase in plasma norepinephrine. In obese subjects, we have found, despite the presence of insulin resistance to carbohydrate metabolism, that euglycemic hyperinsulinemia was associated with a normal decrease in urinary sodium excretion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association