Sodium intake modulates the development of cardiac hypertrophy in two-kidney, one clip rats.
Sodium homeostasis exerts a powerful influence on the cardiovascular system in normotensive and hypertensive animals. Previous studies indicate that factors other than blood pressure can influence cardiac hypertrophy. In the present experiments, we evaluated the effects of different sodium diets in the two-kidney, one clip hypertension model in the rat. After the renal artery had been clipped, the rats received a normal sodium (177 meq/kg), high sodium (517 meq/kg), and low sodium (7 meq/kg) diet during 4 weeks. The final blood pressure was almost the same in the three groups (normal sodium 170 +/- 12 mm Hg; low sodium 168 +/- 4 mm Hg; and high sodium 162 +/- 7 mm Hg). Sodium restriction significantly reduced the development of cardiac hypertrophy as compared with rats on normal or high sodium diets. Thus, ventricular weight and ventricular weight/body weight ratio were significantly higher in rats subjected to a normal or high sodium diet (p less than 0.01). The hypertrophied hearts of rats on normal and high sodium diets showed a larger increase in the number of cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors than those observed in hearts from low sodium diet, clipped rats. These results show that sodium modulates the development of cardiac hypertrophy in two-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats. Similarly, the cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors appear to be influenced by dietary sodium intake. A possible role of the sympathetic nervous system is suggested.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association