Actions of angiotensin peptides after partial denervation of the solitary tract nucleus.
We determined the excitatory effects of direct nucleus tractus solitarii injection of angiotensin peptides after the sinoaortic nerves were cut unilaterally in rats under halothane anesthesia. Twenty-four hours later, recordings of mean arterial pressure and heart rate were obtained during injections of 2.5 ng angiotensin II or angiotensin-(1-7) in chloralose-urethane-anesthetized rats. Both peptides caused reductions in pressure and heart rate after nucleus tractus solitarii injections. In unilateral sinoaortic denervated rats, the hypotension and bradycardia produced with angiotensin II injections in either the ipsilateral (denervated) or contralateral (nondenervated) nucleus tractus solitarii were comparable. Angiotensin-(1-7), however, produced a larger decrease in pressure on the denervated side when compared with the nondenervated side. There were no differences in baseline pressure or heart rate between control rats and those with unilateral sinoaortic denervations. The effects of both angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) were blocked by previous administration of the angiotensin II antagonist [Sar1,Thr8]angiotensin II into the nucleus tractus solitarii. Assessment of angiotensin II binding sites in the solitary-vagal complex 24 hours after denervation showed a 13% reduction in angiotensin receptors. These findings confirm that both angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) express biological activity through receptor-mediated actions in the dorsal medulla oblongata. That the effects produced by angiotensin II do not require the integrity of baroreceptor input further suggests that the receptors responsible for the acute cardiovascular actions of this peptide reside on postsynaptic elements in the vagal-solitary complex.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association