Comparison of the effect of endothelin on microvessels and macrovessels in Goldblatt II and deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats.
The response to endothelin, a novel 21-amino acid peptide, is investigated in isolated aortas with and without endothelium and in mesenteric microvessels in vivo-in situ, in Goldblatt II (GII) and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Median effective concentrations and maximal responses to endothelin did not differ in aortas with endothelium isolated from GII, DOCA-salt hypertensive, and control rats. After removal of the endothelium, the potentiation of the aorta responses to endothelin was of the same magnitude in hypertensive and control rats. A closed-circuit television system was used to observe the microvascular bed of the exteriorized mesentery of anesthetized GII, DOCA-salt hypertensive, and control rats. The time necessary to induce a vasoconstrictor response was determined after the topical application of endothelin. Vessel diameters at rest and after endothelin application were also estimated. At the microcirculatory level, a greater reactivity to endothelin was observed in both hypertensive rat groups, whereas higher sensitivity to endothelin was recorded in the GII hypertensive microvessel preparations alone. It is suggested that the increased response to endothelin observed in hypertensive rats might be due to abnormal sensitivity or reactivity of the microvessels of these rats reflecting an alteration of the contractile sequence possibly at the plasma membrane level, or due to both. Endothelial dysfunction at the microcirculatory level, however, cannot be dismissed.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association