Calcium sensitivity of Ca2(+)-activated K+ channels in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats.
In previous studies, we measured a greater intracellular free calcium concentration and net potassium efflux, possibly calcium activated, in lymphocytes from spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP) as compared with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In this study, we addressed two related questions: 1) Can the greater intralymphocytic calcium concentration of the SHRSP account for the greater net potassium efflux? 2) Is the calcium sensitivity of calcium-activated potassium channels in lymphocytes from SHRSP different as compared with that of those from WKY rats? Ionomycin, a calcium ionophore, caused a concentration-dependent and proportional increase in net potassium efflux and intracellular free calcium concentration in lymphocytes from both strains of rat. Based on the relations between net potassium efflux and intracellular free calcium concentration established with ionomycin, the resting net potassium efflux of lymphocytes from SHRSP is greater than would be predicted based on the resting intracellular free calcium concentration. Using the patch clamp technique, we were able to identify and characterize a calcium-activated potassium channel in the plasma membrane of lymphocytes from both strains of rat. Potassium currents were recorded that had a slope conductance of 18.1 +/- 1.49, n = 6, and 18.5 +/- 1.44, n = 7, in WKY rat and SHRSP thymocytes, respectively. The channel exhibited rectification of the outward current in both strains of rat. Channels tended to appear in clusters of two or more per patch and were recorded in 30-50% of the patches examined. Calcium sensitivity of the channels was similar; maximum activation occurred at 700 nM free calcium concentration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association