5-Hydroxytryptamine kinetics and activation of blood platelets in patients with essential hypertension.
To investigate possible alterations in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) kinetics and sensitivity of blood platelets in patients with essential hypertension, 45 essential hypertensive patients and 45 normotensive healthy subjects matched in pairs for age, sex, and smoking status were compared. There were 18 women and 27 men in each group, ranging from 30 to 73 years of age. Results of essential hypertensive patients differed in several ways from those of normotensive subjects. In essential hypertensive patients, maximal 5HT uptake velocity (Vmax) decreased with increasing blood pressure and age and was reduced the most in older men. Vmax was positively related to the EC50 of 5HT for inducing a shape change reaction. In essential hypertensive patients, both Vmax of 5HT uptake and the EC50 of 5HT for shape change showed positive correlations with the 5HT content in platelets; the former relation was different between the essential hypertensive and normotensive groups (F = 5.53; p = 0.02). These results indicate reduced uptake of 5HT by blood platelets and suggest enhanced 5HT plasma concentrations in local areas, especially vascular lesions in essential hypertensive patients. Increased periplatelet concentrations of 5HT may lead to preactivation of platelets and possibly stimulation of vascular smooth muscle via their 5HT2-receptors. These changes are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of increased thromboembolic complications in essential hypertensive patients, particularly in older men.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association