Modulation of episodic renin release during sleep in humans.
We previously described a strong concordance between nocturnal oscillations in plasma renin activity and sleep cycles. To examine whether modifying renal renin content or release influences the response to central stimuli linked to sleep stage alternation, plasma renin activity was measured every 10 minutes from 11:00 PM to 8:00 AM in three groups of six subjects. The first group received one 40 mg dose of the diuretic furosemide; the second group underwent the night experiment after 3 days on a low sodium diet; the third group received one 100 mg dose of the beta-blocker atenolol. Each subject underwent a control night when a placebo was given. The nocturnal curves were analyzed with a pulse detection program. For the control nights, 74 of the 83 sleep cycles were associated with significant plasma renin activity oscillations; non-rapid eye movement sleep occurred in the ascending portions and rapid eye movement sleep in the declining portions of the oscillations. These oscillations persisted in the three groups of subjects during the experimental nights and the relation with the sleep stages was not disturbed. Acute stimulation by furosemide amplified the oscillations and led to a general upward trend of the nocturnal profiles. Similarly, a low sodium diet, which led to a slow increase in renal renin content, provoked large oscillations with high initial levels. However, in both cases the mean relative amplitude of the oscillations, expressed as a percentage of the nocturnal means, was similar to that of the control nights and approximated 60%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association