Effect of dietary salt on the skeletal muscle microvasculature in Dahl rats.
The purpose of this study was to identify microvascular alterations that could contribute to increased peripheral vascular resistance in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat with salt-induced hypertension. Intravital microscopy was used to study the spinotrapezius muscle arteriolar network in anesthetized salt-sensitive rats fed either a high salt (7% sodium chloride) or low-normal salt (0.45% sodium chloride) diet for 4 weeks. Age-matched Dahl salt-resistant rats on high and low-normal salt diets served as controls. The high salt diet had no effect on arterial pressure in salt-resistant rats but increased arterial pressure in salt-sensitive rats. Mean resting diameter of arcade arterioles in salt-sensitive rats on high salt diet was reduced by 25% compared with salt-sensitive rats on low salt or salt-resistant rats on either diet. After abolition of vascular tone with 10(-3) M adenosine, arcade diameters were comparable in all groups. No difference among groups was found in either resting or passive diameter of the more distal transverse arterioles. Measurement of vessel lengths and numbers in cleared muscle specimens revealed no differences among groups in the anatomic density of either arcade or transverse arterioles. These data suggest that a reduction in the resting diameter of arcade, but not transverse, arterioles may increase spinotrapezius muscle vascular resistance in hypertensive salt-sensitive rats. The similarity in vascular densities among groups indicates that structural rarefaction of arterioles does not contribute to any increase in spinotrapezius muscle resistance at this stage of salt-induced hypertension.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association