Vascular smooth muscle cells from the Milan hypertensive rat exhibit decreased functional angiotensin II receptors.
The present study was designed to study the functional properties of Angiotensin II (Ang II) binding sites in vascular smooth muscle cells in the Milan hypertensive rat (MHS), a model of low renin hypertension. Smooth muscle cells from MHS rats exhibited increased growth in culture in comparison with the Milan normotensive strain (MNS) as determined by population doubling times (24.5 +/- 2 and 34.8 +/- 2 hours, n = 4, respectively). Hormone receptor number, evaluated by binding assays using [125I]Ang II, showed no difference in either receptor number or affinity for both cell types. The functional responsiveness of Ang II receptors was evaluated by measuring the activation of phospholipase C, Na(+)-H+ exchange, and cytosolic Ca2+ levels. Phospholipase C activity was determined as tritium-labeled inositol trisphosphate and bisphosphate release before and after 15-second exposure to 10(-7) M Ang II. Ang II-stimulated phospholipase C activity in MNS (p less than 0.02) but not in MHS cells. Na(+)-H+ exchange was measured as the dimethylamiloride-sensitive 22Na+ influx into acid-loaded vascular smooth muscle cells with and without 10(-7) M Ang II. In MNS cells, Ang II significantly stimulated (p less than 0.001) antiporter activity but not in MHS cells, which showed a uniformly blunted response. MHS cells exhibited higher basal cytosolic Ca2+ levels than MNS cells, but Ca2+ rapidly increased in the presence of Ang II in MNS but not in MHS cells. Direct activation of phospholipase C by GTP-gamma-S in permeabilized cells indicated that both strains exhibited similar coupling levels by guanine-nucleotide binding proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association