Novel cellular activities for low density lipoprotein in vascular smooth muscle cells.
Hyperlipidemia and hypertension play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To investigate the underlying intracellular mechanisms, we studied the effect of various concentrations of low density lipoprotein from normolipidemic subjects on concentrations of free intracellular calcium, intracellular pH, DNA synthesis, and vascular tone in vascular smooth muscle cells and rings from rat aortas. Low density lipoprotein in the range of 1-15 micrograms/ml induced a dose-dependent increase of concentration of free intracellular calcium and a biphasic change of the intracellular pH. Similar concentrations of low density lipoprotein led to an enhanced DNA synthesis. Furthermore, cumulative addition of 1-15 micrograms/ml low density lipoprotein produced a dose-dependent increase in contractile tension of thoracic aortic rings from rats. The maximal low density lipoprotein-induced contractile response was approximately 70% of that induced by 40 mM KCl. These findings indicate that low concentrations of low density lipoprotein occurring, for example, in the extravascular fluid might contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases by enhancing cell proliferation and vasoconstriction by changing intracellular calcium and intracellular pH.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association