Release of immunoreactive endothelin from porcine aortic strips.
The present study was designed to determine whether endothelin and "big endothelin" are released from aortic strips with endothelium and to examine the effect of thrombin by using a specific radioimmunoassay. Porcine aortic strips with endothelium released immunoreactive endothelin (ir-endothelin) and immunoreactive big endothelin (ir-big endothelin) into the medium in a time-dependent manner. These releases were markedly inhibited by 10 micrograms/ml cycloheximide. Expectedly, after removal of endothelium, aortic strips did not release a detectable amount of ir-endothelin and ir-big endothelin. In contrast, thrombin (10 units/ml) significantly stimulated the release of ir-endothelin and ir-big endothelin. Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with radioimmunoassay revealed that the major component of ir-endothelin corresponds to standard endothelin-1 (1-21) and the major component of ir-big endothelin corresponds to standard big endothelin (porcine, 1-39). These results suggest that aortic strips with endothelium release endothelin and big endothelin slowly but continuously into the extracellular space and that these releases can be stimulated by thrombin.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association