Application of monoclonal antibodies for endothelin to hypertensive research.
We developed six kinds of monoclonal antibodies against endothelin (ET)-1 recognizing different epitopes with high affinities (5 x 10(10) M-1 to 5 x 10(11) M-1). Using these monoclonal antibodies, we developed radioimmunoassays for ET-1 with different specificities. Cross-reactivities with ET-2 ranged from 80% to 100%, and those with ET-3 ranged from 3% to 60%. Patients with essential hypertension (n = 20) showed a significant elevation in the plasma ET-1-LI level compared with age-matched control subjects (n = 12) (30.1 +/- 1.4 pg/ml versus 18.5 +/- 0.9 pg/ml, p less than 0.01). The plasma ET-1-LI level in hypertensive patients in stages II and III (World Health Organization classification) was significantly higher than that in those patients in stage I. There was no significant correlation between the plasma ET-1-LI level and systolic blood pressure (r = 0.11), diastolic blood pressure (r = -0.13), or age (r = 0.24) in all patients studied who had essential hypertension. In the neutralization experiment, monoclonal antibodies attenuated ET-1-induced contraction of rat aortic rings and the pressor action of ET-1 in pithed rats in vivo. The present study demonstrates the elevated plasma ET-1-LI level in patients with essential hypertension. Monoclonal antibodies developed in this study can become powerful tools to investigate the pathophysiological significance of ET in essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association