Platelet phosphatidylcholine turnover in experimental hypertension.
To gain insight into the membrane alteration that could account for the hyperresponsiveness of platelets in hypertension, we have investigated whether, in resting platelets of hypertensive rats, the metabolism of phospholipids was modified. Because preliminary results indicated a specific acceleration of phosphatidylcholine turnover in spontaneously hypertensive rats, the possible relation between such an abnormality and hypertension was investigated by studying phosphorus-32 labeling of phosphatidylcholine (taken as an index of its turnover) in various experimental models of hypertension. The data showed that phosphatidylcholine turnover 1) was considerably increased in platelets from spontaneously hypertensive (even at the prehypertensive stage) and stroke-prone rats compared with Wistar or Wistar-Kyoto control rats, 2) did not differ between deoxycorticosterone-salt-treated hypertensive and control rats, and 3) was increased in Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed a high NaCl diet (hence hypertensive rats), compared with either the rats fed a low NaCl diet or the salt-resistant rats. These results indicate that an increase in phosphatidylcholine turnover is a consequence of neither hypertension nor high salt intake and appears likely to be of genetic origin. These data allow us to suggest the existence, in platelets, of a relation between phosphatidylcholine turnover, free cytoplasmic Ca2+, and responsiveness to stimuli. Because phosphatidylcholine is assumed to participate in signal transduction, an increase in its turnover in platelets might be considered as a primary membrane abnormality that, in primary hypertension, results in platelet hyperresponsiveness.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association