Role of macula densa in diuretics-induced renin release.
Diuretic therapy may enhance renin release by various mechanisms, principally contraction of extracellular fluid volume and its effects, including a fall in arterial pressure. Awake hydropenic or volume-expanded rats received diuretics (amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide) that are known inhibitors of NaCl transport beyond the macula densa; also the well-known Na(+)-K(+)-2 Cl- transport system inhibitor furosemide was administered. We also evaluated the effect of a dose of ethacrynic acid (a drug that shares the same mechanism of action as furosemide but is not diuretic in the rat). The direct action of the diuretics on renin-producing cells was examined in isolated glomeruli; a rise in renin release was observed with the calmodulin inhibitor trifluoperazine (10(-5) M). Renin release in intact hydropenic rats was not altered by diuretic therapy, but furosemide increased plasma renin activity in hydropenic as well as in volume-expanded rats. This demonstrates the importance of furosemide inhibition of transport in the macula densa for its renin secretory action. None of the diuretics (amiloride, hydrochlorothiazide, ethacrynic acid, or furosemide) elicited changes in renin release from glomeruli (10(-6) to 10(-3) M); amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide (10(-4) to 10(-3) M) did not change renin release from slices, but 10(-3) M ethacrynic acid and furosemide increased renin secretion in this preparation. This suggests that an effect on the macula densa is essential in loop diuretic-mediated renin release.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association