Angiotensin-(1-7). A member of circulating angiotensin peptides.
We measured the concentrations of three principal products of the renin-angiotensin system and seven of their metabolites in the plasma of anesthetized normal dogs and in dogs 24 hours after bilateral nephrectomy. The levels of the angiotensin peptides were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography combined with radioimmunoassay using three specific antibodies that recognized different epitotes in the sequences of angiotensin I, angiotensin II, and angiotensin-(1-7). The analysis revealed that angiotensin-(1-7) is present in the plasma of intact (4.9 +/- 2.2 fmol/ml) and nephrectomized (0.5 +/- 0.5 fmol/ml) dogs. An intravenous injection of purified hog renin (0.01 Goldblatt unit/kg) increased plasma levels of angiotensin I, angiotensin II, and angiotensin-(1-7) both before and after nephrectomy. These changes were associated with parallel increases in the concentrations of fragments of the three parent peptides. Administration of MK-422 led to the disappearance of circulating angiotensin II and its fragments both before and after a second injection of the same dose of renin. In contrast, MK-422 augmented the plasma levels of both angiotensin I and angiotensin-(1-7). The concentrations of these two peptides, but not the blood pressure, were again augmented by a second injection of renin given after blockade of converting enzyme. These effects were observed both before and after bilateral nephrectomy. These findings show that angiotensin-(1-7) circulates in the blood of normal and nephrectomized dogs. In addition, we found that angiotensin-(1-7) is generated in the blood from the cleavage of angiotensin I through a pathway independent of converting enzyme (EC 188.8.131.52).
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association