Preservation of renal function by angiotensin during chronic adrenergic stimulation.
The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of angiotensin II (Ang II) in mediating renal responses to chronic intrarenal norepinephrine infusion. Norepinephrine was continuously infused for 5 days into the renal artery of unilaterally nephrectomized dogs at progressively higher daily infusion rates: 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40 micrograms/kg/min. In three additional groups of dogs, norepinephrine infusion was repeated during chronic intravenous captopril administration to fix plasma Ang II concentration at 1) low levels (no Ang II infused), 2) high levels in the renal circulation (Ang II infused intrarenally at a rate of 1 ng/kg/min), and 3) high levels in the systemic circulation (Ang II infused intravenously at a rate of 5 ng/kg/min). In the control group of animals with intact renin-angiotensin systems, there were progressive increments in mean arterial pressure (from 96 +/- 4 to 141 +/- 6 mm Hg) and plasma renin activity (from 0.4 +/- 0.1 to 10.9 +/- 4.5 ng angiotensin I/ml/hr) and concomitant reductions in glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow to approximately 40% of control during the 5-day norepinephrine infusion period. In marked contrast, when captopril was infused chronically without Ang II, mean arterial pressure was 20-25 mm Hg less than that under control conditions, and the renal hemodynamic effects of norepinephrine were greatly exaggerated; by day 3 of norepinephrine infusion, both glomerular filtration rate (16 +/- 2% of control) and renal plasma flow (12 +/- 4% of control) were considerably lower than values in control animals (86 +/- 4% and 80 +/- 8% of control, respectively). Similarly, when a high level of Ang II was localized in the renal circulation during captopril administration, mean arterial pressure was depressed, and again there were pronounced renal responses to norepinephrine. Conversely, when Ang II was infused intravenously during captopril administration, mean arterial pressure was not reduced, and the glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow responses to norepinephrine were similar to those that occurred under control conditions. These findings indicate that the renin-angiotensin system prevents exaggerated renal vascular responses to chronic norepinephrine stimulation by preserving renal perfusion pressure.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association